Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
Etymology: Papuengraulis: Composed from Papua, an island i the Pacific ocean + Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 13 - ? m (Ref. 58018). Tropical; 6°S - 11°S, 139°E - 147°E (Ref. 189)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189)
soft rays: 51 - 57. Belly with 5 or 6 pre-pectoral needle-like scutes, none behind, and a series of membrane-like post -pelvic scutes more or less concealed by the scales. Maxilla short, tip blunt; first supra-maxilla large, elongate, more than twice length of second. Pectoral fins wing-like; pelvic fins small; dorsal fin minute, the second unbranched fin ray elongated. A distinct dark blotch behind gill opening.
Western Central Pacific: Gulf of Papua (off Port Romily; in mouths of rivers flowing into the Gulf; Arafura Sea, but no indication if Australian or Irian Jaya coast).
Presumed to be estuarine, but perhaps ascends rivers or migrates into coastal waters. The minute teeth and rather numerous gillrakers suggest a diet of small planktonic animals. The species is probably uncommon as there seems to be only four preserved specimens.
Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski, 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00494 (-0.16124 - 0.17112), b=3.08747 (2.99653 - 3.17842), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .