Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic. Tropical
Western Central Pacific: Viet Nam, Thailand and Borneo.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772); common length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 6 - 7;
soft rays: 7 - 8;
Vertebrae: 12 - 25. Elongate, cylindrical body. Eye small, 14-24 % of head length. Mental pores in 2 pairs, the first small, rounded, at front of chin, separated by symphysis. Gill rakers long, slender, equal to or slightly longer than gill filaments at angle of arch, 12-14 on lower limb. Dorsal fin with VI to VII spines and 42-44 soft rays, not incised between the two parts. Second anal spine long, stiff, 37-46 % of head length; the last dorsal, second anal, pectoral and pelvic spines progressively thicker with age or size. Scales cycloid (smooth) on head, ctenoid (rough to touch) on body. Swim bladder carrot-shaped, with 1 pair of tube-like appendages arising at the anterior end and immediately dividing into an anterior branch entering the head and ramifying under skull and a posterior tube lying beside the main bladder to its posterior end.
Inhabits shallow coastal waters and estuaries (Ref. 9772).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sasaki, K., 1995. A review of the Indo-West Pacific sciaenid genus Panna (Teleostei, Perciformes). Jap. J. Ichthyol. 42(1):27-37. (Ref. 10086)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.2 - 29.1, mean 28.6 (based on 118 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00313 - 0.03047), b=3.03 (2.78 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .