Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Orthochromis: Greek, ortho = straight + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 25°C - 26°C
Africa: rapids at the exit of Pool Malebo (Ref. 26626), and the Lindi (Ref. 26626, 106290), Wagenia Falls (Ref. 26626, 106245), Lualaba basin and Lake Mweru (Ref. 26626), in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42183)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 21;
soft rays: 6 - 8;
Vertebrae: 27 - 30. Cheek squamation, 1-3 rows of scales; chest squamation, minute, deeply embedded, often with bilaterally scaleless area (Ref. 28906). Nape and nuchal scales smaller than polyacanthus, deeply embedded, appearing naked (Ref. 26626).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenwood, H.P. and S.O. Kullander, 1994. A taxonomic review and redescription of Tilapia polyacanthus and T. stormsi (Teleostei: Cichlidae), with descriptions of two new Schwetzochromis species from the Upper Zaire River drainage. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 5(1):161-180. (Ref. 26626)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00682 - 0.03686), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .