Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Oreochromis: Latin, aurum = gold + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2)
(total): 16 - 18;
soft rays: 8 - 11;
Vertebrae: 29 - 30. Diagnosis: about 50% of individuals with 4 anal fin spines; modal numbers of vertebrae (29), dorsal rays (27) and gill-rakers (15) low; jaws of breeding males enlarged; females and non-breeding males with horizontal and vertical elements of melanin pattern conspicuous, especially at their junctions, where blotches are often drawn out vertically (Ref. 2). Breeding males with throat and chest black (Ref. 2), and conspicuous broad dark vertical bars on the lower half of the body (Ref. 2, 4967, 54096).
Africa: Lower part of the Pangani River system and the neighboring Zigi River in Tanzania.
Inhabits rivers (Ref. 4967).
Trewavas, E., 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Mus. Nat. Hist., London, UK. 583 p. (Ref. 2)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Aquaculture: likely future use
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.00930 - 0.03905), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .