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Opsopoeodus emiliae  Hay, 1881

Pugnose minnow
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Opsopoeodus emiliae
Male picture by Page, L.M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Opsopoeodus: Greek, ops, = face, appearance + Greek, pous = foot + Greek, odous = teeth;  emiliae: opsopoeodus, teeth for dainty feeding (Greek); and emiliae, named after Mrs. Emily Hay (wife of the author of the species, Dr. O. P. Hay) (Ref. 10294).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Subtropical; 45°N - 27°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Edisto River drainage in South Carolina to southern Florida and across Gulf Slope to Nueces River drainage in Texas, USA; north in Mississippi River and Great Lakes basins to southeastern Kansas, southeastern Minnesota, USA, and southern Ontario, Canada. The subspecies were previously recognized: Opsopoeodus emiliae peninsularis in peninsular Florida and Opsopoeodus emiliae emiliae in rest of range except where intergrades occur (southern Georgia and northeastern Florida west to Ochlockonee River).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits clear to turbid vegetated lakes, swamps, oxbows, sluggish streams of all sizes (Ref. 86798). Feeds on insect larvae, filamentous algae and microcrustacea (Ref. 10294). Spawning occurs underneath flat rocks, in cavities; nest spawner (Ref. 79012).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
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Ecology
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Common names
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Morphometrics
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00309 - 0.01230), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .