Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Opsopoeodus: Greek, ops, = face, appearance + Greek, pous = foot + Greek, odous = teeth; emiliae emiliae: opsopoeodus, teeth for dainty feeding (Greek); and emiliae, named after Mrs. Emily Hay (wife of the author of the species, Dr. O. P. Hay) (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical; 45°N - 27°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294)
North America: Edisto River drainage in South Carolina to southern Florida, USA and across Gulf Slope to Nueces River drainage in Texas, USA; north in Mississippi River and Great Lakes basins to southeastern Kansas, southeastern Minnesota, USA , and southern Ontario, Canada. The subspecies Notropis emiliae emiliae from the Canada drainage is said to be distinct from that in the Florida peninsula (Ref. 11980).
Inhabits clear to turbid vegetated lakes, swamps, oxbows, sluggish streams of all sizes (Ref. 3814), creeks and rivers. Feeds on insect larvae, filamentous algae and microcrustacea (Ref. 10294). Spawning occurs underneath flat rocks, in cavities; nest spawner (Ref. 79012).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p. (Ref. 3814)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00349 - 0.01726), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .