Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Nimbochromis: Latin, nimbus = stormy, rainy + Greek, chromis, a fish, perhaps a perch; it has dark clouded melanic blotches on the body (Ref. 45335); venustus: From the Latin "venustus" = beautiful, graceful, elegant (Ref. 55922).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.2 - 8.8; dH range: 10 - 18; non-migratory; depth range 6 - 23 m (Ref. 55922). Tropical; 25°C - 27°C (Ref. 13371), preferred ?; 9°S - 15°S
Africa: endemic to Lake Malawi where it is widely distributed.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13371); common length : 22.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4989)
(total): 16 - 17;
soft rays: 9 - 10. Diagnosis: presence of a lozenged melanin pattern; no spots on pectoral fins; no radiating melanin pattern on the head; no highly contrasting, anastomosing horizontal and vertical melanin components on the body; body depth 38.1-40.9% of standard length; head length 32.0-33.8% of standard length; length of lower jaw 36.3-40.8% head length; dorsal fin base 53.3-57.7% of standard length (Ref. 55922).
Found over sandy substrates (Ref. 5595, 55922). Juveniles may be found in shallow water near rocks while adults forage in deeper regions with sandy substrate (Ref. 5595). Feeds on small fish (Ref. 5595, 55922) and invertebrates (Ref. 55922). Half-grown individuals have been observed to remain motionless, partially buried in the sand, waiting for small fishes to come within reach (Ref. 55922).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Female takes brood into her mouth and takes care of the young.
Maréchal, C., 1991. Nimbochromis. p. 296-299. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4989)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00693 - 0.03157), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec<1000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .