Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Nemipterus: Greek, nema, -atos = filament + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 17 - 100 m (Ref. 9785). Tropical; 34°N - 27°S, 31°E - 172°E (Ref. 3810)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 45.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635); common length : 17.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810)
soft rays: 7. Suborbital spine absent. Preopercle with 3 transverse scale rows. Pectoral fins short, not reaching to level of anus. Pelvic fins moderately long, reaching to level of anus. Dorsal fin spines elongate, interspinous membrane deeply incised. Upper lobe of caudal fin pointed and slightly longer than lower. A line drawn up from the posterior edge of suborbital reaching the dorsal profile at or just before origin of dorsal fin. Axillary scale present. Color: Upper part of body pinkish, lower part silvery. Golden-yellow stripe on snout in front of eye.
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea to Taiwan and northern Australia. This species name has been misapplied to Nemipterus furcosus.
Occurs on sand or mud bottoms and feeds on fish, crustaceans, mollusks and polychaetes. Usually in small groups; flighty during the day (Ref. 48635). Trawled in commercial quantities in the Straits of Malacca and off the Terengganu coast, South China Sea.
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01196 (-0.12458 - 0.14849), b=2.98 (2.90 - 3.06), based on LWR estimates for species & genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .