Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Myliobatidae
(Eagle and manta rays) > Myliobatinae
Etymology: Myliobatis: Greek, mylo = mill + Greek, + Greek, batis,-idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335). More on author: Macleay.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 85 m (Ref. 9862). Subtropical; 27°S - 43°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 6871); max. published weight: 56.5 kg (Ref. 40637)
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Western Australia to Queensland. Possibly occurring off New Zealand.
Commonly found off beaches and over sand flats in shallow water. Also found offshore down to 85 m (Ref. 9862). Feeds mainly on crabs and shellfish (Ref. 6871). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449).
Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.55 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .