Myliobatis australis  Macleay, 1881

Australian bull ray
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Myliobatis australis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Myliobatis australis (Australian bull ray)
Myliobatis australis
Picture by Danna, P.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Myliobatidae (Eagle and manta rays) > Myliobatinae
Etymology: Myliobatis: Greek, mylo = mill + Greek, + Greek, batis,-idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Macleay.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 85 m (Ref. 9862).   Subtropical; 27°S - 43°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 6871); max. published weight: 56.5 kg (Ref. 40637)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Western Australia to Queensland. Possibly occurring off New Zealand.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Commonly found off beaches and over sand flats in shallow water. Also found offshore down to 85 m (Ref. 9862). Feeds mainly on crabs and shellfish (Ref. 6871). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous




Human uses

Gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.55 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.