Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Muraena: Latin, muraena = morey eel (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 58047). Tropical; 21°N - 18°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4450); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999)
Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Namibia, including Cape Verde and the islands of the Bay of Biafra. Also known from western Atlantic.
Lives in shallow rocky bottoms (Ref. 2683) and feeds mainly on crustaceans (Ref. 3254).
Smith, D.G. and E.B. Böhlke, 1990. Muraenidae. p. 136-148. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00111 (-0.15929 - 0.16151), b=3.06 (2.97 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .