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Morone americana  (Gmelin, 1789)

White perch
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Image of Morone americana (White perch)
Morone americana
Picture by Lyons, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Moronidae (Temperate basses)

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 10 - ? m (Ref. 7251).   Temperate; 52°N - 29°N, 79°W - 57°W

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 49.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 13.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. published weight: 2.2 kg (Ref. 7251); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 72462)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: St. Lawrence-Lake Ontario drainage in Quebec, Canada south to Peedee River in South Carolina, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in fresh, brackish and coastal waters (Ref. 7251). Primarily found in brackish water but common in pools and other quiet water areas of medium to large rivers, usually over mud. Neither anterolateral glandular groove nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Assuming same mode of reproduction as in M. saxatilis.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Age/Size
Growth
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Morphometrics
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Larval dynamics
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Aquaculture profile
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Ciguatera
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5781   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00340 - 0.02684), b=3.05 (2.80 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.07-0.13; tmax=7(?)).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
low
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.