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Molva dypterygia  (Pennant, 1784)

Blue ling
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Molva dypterygia   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Molva dypterygia (Blue ling)
Molva dypterygia
Picture by Salesjö, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Lotidae (Hakes and burbots)

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 150 - 1000 m (Ref. 54594), usually 350 - 500 m (Ref. 54594).   Temperate; 79°N - 29°N, 65°W - 44°E (Ref. 54594)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 85.0  range ? - 88 cm
Max length : 155 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371); max. published weight: 30.0 kg (Ref. 35388); max. reported age: 20 years (Ref. 1371)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 70 - 81. Lower jaw longer than upper jaw; barbel shorter than eye diameter. Back gray-brown, grading to white ventrally. Posterior portions of vertical fins dark with pale margins.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: southwestern Barents Sea, sometimes north to Spitsbergen, southeastern Greenland, southern coast of Iceland, around the British Isles and south to Morocco and into the Mediterranean. Northwest Atlantic: Newfoundland.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found mostly from 350-500 m depth on muddy bottoms. Feed on crustaceans and fish (flatfishes, gobies, rocklings) (Ref. 1371).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00155 - 0.00491), b=3.06 (2.90 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.13-0.16; tm=8-11; tmax=20).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (75 of 100) .
low
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.