Melanonus gracilis  Günther, 1878

Pelagic cod
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Melanonus gracilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Melanonus gracilis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Melanonidae (Melanonids)
Etymology: Melanonus: Greek, melan, -anos = black Greek, onos = hake.   More on author: Günther.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 150 - 3613 m (Ref. 11892), usually 600 - 1100 m (Ref. 9563).   Deep-water; 50°S - 69°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5209)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 67-72; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 52 - 54; Vertebrae: 57. Pale to dark brown in color (Ref. 6607, Ref. 5209). P 9-10, V7, A50, C32+ (Ref. 36024). P 12-14, V7 (Ref. 2942). Pectoral numbers are to be clarified.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Circumpolar in subantarctic and temperate waters, occasionally being taken in the tropics (Ref. 6525). South Atlantic south of the Subtropical Convergence. Also captured recently in Prydz Bay, Antarctica.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Oceanic species. Also mesopelagic (Ref. 7300). Has been recorded from over the continental slope in depths of 600 to 1,100 m (Ref. 9563). Biology unknown (Ref. 7130).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Chiu, T.S. and D.F. Markle, 1990. Melanonidae. p. 188-189. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5209)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .