Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stephanoberyciformes
(Pricklefishes, bigscales and gibberfishes) > Melamphaidae
(Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
Etymology: Melamphaes: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, amphi = both side (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 1500 m (Ref. 559), usually 0 - 150 m (Ref. 37108). Deep-water
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 8 - 10.6 cm
Max length : 10.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4502)
Atlantic and Pacific: in tropical waters.
Uncommon species (Ref. 4241). Trawled at depths greater than 500 m (Ref. 4241).
Maul, G.E., 1990. Melamphaidae. p. 612-618. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00819 (-0.26001 - 0.27639), b=3.05623 (2.92131 - 3.19116), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .