Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Macropodus: Greek, makros = great + Greek, pous, podos = foot (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.8; dH range: ? - 20. Tropical; 20°C - 26°C (Ref. 13371)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42924)
(total): 11 - 15;
soft rays: 11 - 14;
Vertebrae: 28 - 30. Differs from its congeners by the following combination of characters: caudal fin forked; opercular spot pale or missing; body without dark bars or with 4-12 faint and inconspicuous dark bars on pale brown to dark greyish background in preserved and live specimens; top of head and predorsal body without dark spots or saddle-like blotches; posterior tip or margin of scales on head and body conspicuously darker than scales; distal part of first soft pelvic-fin ray red in life; spots and bars on dorsal and caudal-fin membranes black; posterior dorsal-fin membranes and caudal-fin membranes blue in life; filamentous caudal-fin rays with white or black posterior extremity (Ref. 42924).
Asia: Viet Nam.
Found in all kinds of hill stream habitats and along diverse structured margins or backwaters of large rivers, as well as in small streams and irrigation channels on farmland (Ref. 42924).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs are deposited in bubble nests (Ref. 41595).
Freyhof, J. and F. Herder, 2002. Review of the paradise fishes of the genus Macropodus in Vietnam, with description of two species from Vietnam and southern China (Perciformes: Osphronemidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(2):147-167. (Ref. 42924)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .