Macropodus ocellatus  Cantor, 1842

Round tail paradisefish
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Macropodus ocellatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Macropodus: Greek, makros = great + Greek, pous, podos = foot (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: 5 - 25; depth range 0 - ? m.   Temperate; 4°C - 25°C

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42924)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 19; Dorsal soft rays (total): 5-9; Anal spines: 15-20; Anal soft rays: 7 - 15; Vertebrae: 27 - 29. Caudal fin rounded; lower margin of preorbital weakly serrated, embedded under skin (Ref. 559). Stripe crossing eye not connecting spot on posterior projection of opercle with eye; posterior dorsal-fin rays filamentous behind vertical of posterior anal-fin rays in adults; 6-13 gill rakers on ceratobranchial of first arch; posterior tip of margin of scales on body not darker than scales (Ref. 42924).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: China, Japan and Korea between the rivers Zhujiang (Pearl river) and Heilongjiang (River Amur). Europe: occurrence in the Russian part of Amur basin is probably the result of introductions. Many authors refer to this species by its old name Macropodus chinensis, but see Ref. 42237.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Biology similar to Macropodus opercularis. Reported to be well-adapted to low winter temperatures (4-25°C); adults and juveniles (about 1.5 cm SL), are sometimes active under ice cover (E. Willems pes.comm. 11/12).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Freyhof, J. and F. Herder, 2002. Review of the paradise fishes of the genus Macropodus in Vietnam, with description of two species from Vietnam and southern China (Perciformes: Osphronemidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(2):147-167.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02000 (0.00908 - 0.04406), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.