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Lycothrissa crocodilus  (Bleeker, 1850)

Sabretoothed thryssa
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Image of Lycothrissa crocodilus (Sabretoothed thryssa)
Lycothrissa crocodilus
Picture by Roberts, T.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Lycothrissa: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; pelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 17°N - 5°S, 98°E - 117°E (Ref. 189)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 44 - 48. Belly with 16 to 19 keeled scutes from pectoral fin base to anus. Maxilla short, tip blunt; first supra-maxilla absent. Lower gill rakers short, with large tooth-like serrae. Anal fin origin before dorsal fin origin by about an eye diameter. Pectoral fins wholly or partly black, caudal yellow with black margin The enlarged jaw teeth distinguish it from any other Indo-West Pacific anchovy (Ref. 189). Relatively small head; flat dorsal profile; long axillary scales at pectoral and pelvic bases (Ref. 43281).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: rivers, lakes and estuaries of Banjermasin, Pontianak, Sinkawang, middle part of Kapuas River, Kalimantan; Banjuasin, Palembang, Djambi, Sumatra; Chao Praya River as far up as Lake Bueng-borapet or 210 km from the sea, Thailand; Tonle Sap, Cambodia.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A riverine and lacustrine species, but perhaps passing from estuaries into the sea. More data needed; rather few specimens are in museum collections (Ref. 189). Often ascends into freshwater (Ref. 12693). Occurs in medium to large-sized rivers of the lower Mekong (Ref. 12975). Apparently non-migratory (Ref. 12693), but reported to undertake migrations in the Mekong mainstream (Ref. 37770). From the Khone Falls to the Mekong delta, it migrates upstream during the dry season from October to March and downstream at the onset of the monsoon season from May to July (Ref. 37770). These migrations are reported to be triggered by the receding or rising of the water levels (Ref. 37770). Feeds on crustaceans, insects and small fishes (Ref. 12693). Use to make prahoc (Ref. 12693).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00172 - 0.01010), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .