Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodonus: Derived from Greek, Lykos = wolf + Greek, onos = hake; malvinensis: Named after the Malvinas Islands Archipelago in the Western South Atlantic, its type locality (Ref. 85841).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 800 - 2044 m (Ref. 11954). Deep-water
Southwest Atlantic: known only from the continental slope east of the Malvinas Islands (Falkland Islands).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11954)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 96 - 98;
Vertebrae: 113. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: 6-9 'free' (i.e., non-ray-bearing) bony scutes in front of dorsal fin; anteriormost dorsal scute closer to the base of pectoral fins than to their tips; mid-part of the bony scutes in dorsal fin and hinder part of anal fin produced as a blunt spine; D 101-103; A 96-98; neural spines of anterior caudal vertebrae very short, less than half the depth of the vertebra (Ref. 85841).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, M.E., 1994. Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 60:120 p. (Ref. 11954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 3.5, mean 2.5 (based on 30 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00055 - 0.00300), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .