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Lucifuga spelaeotes  Cohen & Robins, 1970

New Providence cusk-eel
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Image of Lucifuga spelaeotes (New Providence cusk-eel)
Lucifuga spelaeotes
Picture by Johnson, L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Lucifuga: Latin, lux = light + latin, fugere = to escape, to avoid, to run away from (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Cohen, Robins.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 21 m (Ref. 34024).   Subtropical; 26°N - 24°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13498)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 86-109; Anal soft rays: 66 - 82; Vertebrae: 51 - 55. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following combination of characters: Vertebrae 13-14+38-42=51-55, dorsal fin rays 86-109, anal fin rays 66-82, pectoral fin rays 17-20, caudal fin rays 10; head profile above eye is strongly depressed, small, developed eyes 0.7-1.8 % SL; palatine teeth present, in 1-7 short irregular rows, with 3-56 teeth total; long gill-rakers 3, dark pigmented (Ref. 57878).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: Bahamas.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits dark inland caves, brackishwater sinkholes, and marine blue holes (Ref. 27158. 57878).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Møller, P.R., W. Schwarzhans, T.M. Iliffe and J.G. Nielsen, 2006. Revision of the Bahamian cave-fishes of the genus Lucifuga (Ophidiiformes, Bythitidae), with description of a new species from islands on the Little Bahama Bank. Zootaxa 1223:23-46. (Ref. 57878)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A1ce, B1+2bc, D2)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Assuming Fec < 10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.