Lobotes surinamensis  (Bloch, 1790)

Tripletail
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Lobotes surinamensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Lobotes surinamensis
Picture by Lord, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lobotidae (Tripletails)
Etymology: Lobotes: Latin, lobus = lobe (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243), usually 70 - ? m (Ref. 55224).   Subtropical; 45°N - 42°S, 100°W - 161°E (Ref. 55224)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 110 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. published weight: 19.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11 - 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11 - 12. Adults dark brown or greenish yellow above, silvery grey below; pectorals pale yellow, other fins darker than body; caudal fin with yellow margin (Ref. 4386). Rounded caudal fin that appear as single 3-lobed fin (Ref. 26938).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Tropical and subtropical waters of all oceans. Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to Massachusetts, USA and Bermuda to Argentina (Ref. 7251). Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 231); Madeira to the Gulf of Guinea (Ref. 6947); South Africa. Western Pacific: Japan (Ref. 559), Fiji and Tuvalu (Ref. 12596).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adult inhabits bays (Ref. 37816), muddy estuaries and lower reaches of large rivers (Ref. 48636). A sluggish offshore fish that often floats on its side near the surface in the company of floating objects. Occasionally drifts over reefs (Ref. 9710, 44187). Juvenile may occur in floating Sargassum and mimic a floating leaf (Ref. 37816). Feeds on benthic crustaceans and small fish (Ref. 30573, 44187). Marketed fresh, frozen, or salted.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Tortonese, E., 1990. Lobotidae. p. 780. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6947)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.00785 - 0.05563), b=3.01 (2.78 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1; tmax=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.