Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Lobochilotes: Latin, lobus = lobe + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.5 - 8.5; dH range: 13 - 17. Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 1672); 3°S - 9°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5661)
Africa: Endemic to Lake Tanganyika where it is widely distributed.
One of the largest cichlids in the lake. Usually observed near rocks, but suspected to roam the sunken sand plains in search of bivalve mollusks, crabs, and other invertebrates (Ref. 6770), often in aggregation (Ref. 86760). Females brood their young in the mouth (Ref. 86760).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Larvae of up to 2.03 cm TL are mouthbrooded by female parents 14.8 to 19.0 cm SL long (Ref. 86760).
Maréchal, C. and M. Poll, 1991. Lobochilotes. p. 248-249. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC; Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5661)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00709 - 0.03231), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .