Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Atherinopsidae
(Neotropical silversides) > Atherinopsinae
Etymology: Leuresthes: Greek, leyros, -a, -on = smooth + Greek, esthes = suit, something used to wrap (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 18 m (Ref. 2850). Subtropical; 38°N - 25°N
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 11.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 1744)
Eastern Pacific: Monterey Bay, USA to Baja California Sur, Mexico.
Adults inhabit inshore waters, usually at or near surface along open coast and in bays (Ref. 36497). Oviparous, with planktonic primarily neustonic larvae (Ref. 36497). Eggs are deposited in the sand at night by the female parent (Ref. 58332) just below the high spring tide line (Ref. 36497). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 57178.
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00448 (-0.15964 - 0.16861), b=3.10024 (3.00311 - 3.19738), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=4; k >0.30; tm=1.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .