Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Lepophidium: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335). More on author: Hildebrand.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 40 - 390 m (Ref. 34024). Tropical; 32°N - 9°S, 115°W - 77°W (Ref. 34024)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 116 - 121;
Vertebrae: 75 - 77. Rostral spine long and curved, reaching tip of snout, without vertical basal component; peritoneum pale; no median basibranchial tooth patch; head extensively covered with imbricate rows of cycloid scales except for snout and throat; body tapering to point, dagger-shaped (Ref. 34024). Dorsal fin with dark margin and dark mottling or spots throughout the fin; precaudal vertebrae 15-17, caudal vertebrae 59-64 (Ref. 34024). Pelvic fin consists of one ray with two branches of unequal length (Ref. 36413).
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California, outer coast of Baja California, and off northwestern South America.
Common species (Ref. 34024). Adults inhabit soft bottoms, from shallow waters to moderate depths (Ref. 9329). Oviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36413). Oval, pelagic eggs float in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205).
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00796 (-0.23920 - 0.25513), b=2.93160 (2.80255 - 3.06064), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .