Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Centrarchidae
Etymology: Lepomis: Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref. 45335, 79012); microlophus: Lepomis (Greek)=scaled gill cover; microlophus (Greek)=small nape (Ref. 79012).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical; 40°N - 26°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 19.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. published weight: 220.00 g (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 12193)
North America: Savannah River in South Carolina to Nueces River in Texas, north in Mississippi River basin to southern Indiana and Illinois in the USA.
Inhabits ponds, swamps, lakes; and vegetated pools, usually with mud or sand bottoms, of small to medium rivers. Also occurs in warm, clear and quiet waters rich in vegetation and snags. Has a preference for mollusks as food thus has potential for the control of snail vectors of schistosomiasis (Ref. 1739, 10294). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Breed in shallow ponds, lakes or creeks (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00960 - 0.01506), b=3.07 (3.01 - 3.13), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .