Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Terapontidae
(Grunters or tigerperches)
Etymology: Leiopotherapon: Greek, leios, leipo = fat + Greek, therapon = server, someone that cares (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 15°C - 30°C (Ref. 2060)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5259)
Oceania: Endemic to Australia.
Adults inhabit forest streams to desert bores under equally variable regimes of salinity (pure fresh to seawater), pH (4.0 to 8.6) and temperature (5° to 44° C). Occur in billabongs, lakes and dams. May be encountered in any temporary water in the interior after rains, including wheel ruts of vehicle tracks (Ref. 44894). Omnivorous, feed on insects, crustaceans, mollusks and plants. A hardy species that may be capable of surviving droughts by aestivating in wet mud or under moist little on the bottom of ephemeral waterholes. Spawning occurs on summer nights (November onwards) when water temperatures reach 20°-26°C. Fish moves upstream in rivers or to the shallows in lakes and ponds to spawn on soft substrates. The eggs hatch in 2 days and larval development is complete in about 24 days (Ref. 44894). Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205). Neither anterolateral glandular grooves nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406).
Synchronised oocyte development. Mature adults migrate to the upper reaches of rivers and creeks to spawn during floods (Ref. 35356). Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. (Ref. 5259)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00613 - 0.03110), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 1,727).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .