Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 9772). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772)
soft rays: 7. Upper rostral pore median only; mental pores in 3 pairs, the first open at front of chin, separated by symphysis. Gill rakers long, slender, about 1.5 times longer than gill filaments at angle of arch, 13 to 17 on lower limb of first arch. Dorsal fin with IX spines, the second part of fin with I spine and 33 to 36 soft rays. Second spine of anal fin short, slender, 23 to 33 % of head length. Pectoral fin long, 25 to 27 % of standard length. Scales on head and body cycloid (smooth), except the belly and under side of caudal peduncle which are covered with weak ctenoid scales (slightly rough to touch); small scales present on basal quarter of soft parts of dorsal and anal fins. Swim bladder carrot-shaped; with about 26 pairs of arborescent appendages along its sides; each appendage with a well-developed dorsal and ventral limbs, the first pair entering head beyond transverse septum.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Central Pacific: along coasts of northwestern Australia and southern Papua New Guinea.
Inhabits shallow coastal waters and estuaries to depths of 50 m (Ref. 9772).
Sasaki, K., 2001. Sciaenidae. Croakers (drums). p.3117-3174. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). Rome, FAO. pp. 2791-3380.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00886 (-0.15036 - 0.16808), b=3.07612 (2.99043 - 3.16180), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766