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Lampris guttatus  (Brünnich, 1788)

Opah
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Lampris guttatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lampris guttatus (Opah)
Lampris guttatus
Picture by Mincarone, M.M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lampriformes (Velifers, tube-eyes and ribbonfishes) > Lampridae (Opah)
Etymology: Lampris: Greek, lampros = light (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 100 - 500 m (Ref. 89422), usually ? - 366 m (Ref. 5951).   Deep-water; 70°N - 45°S, 180°W - 180°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5188); common length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 270.0 kg (Ref. 5188)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 48-55; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 33 - 41; Vertebrae: 43. Caudal fin broadly lunate; pectorals long and falcate; pelvic fins similar to pectoral fins in shape and a little longer (Ref. 6885). Dark steely blue dorsally shading into green with silver and purple iridescence, belly rosy, body covered with silvery spots in irregular rows, light mottling on caudal and dorsal fins; vermillion on fins and jaws, golden around eyes (Ref. 6885).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Worldwide in tropical to temperate waters (Ref. 57923). Western Atlantic: Grand Banks and Nova Scotia (Canada) to Florida (USA), Gulf of Mexico and the West Indies (Ref. 7251) up to Argentina (Ref. 47377). Eastern Atlantic: Norway and Greenland to Senegal (Ref. 6737) and south of Angola (Ref. 6476) also Mediterranean. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of Alaska to south of southern California (Ref. 265). A single capture in South Georgia marks an incidental occurrence in Southern Ocean.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Oceanic and apparently solitary (Ref. 6737). Epi- and mesopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on midwater fishes and invertebrates, mainly squids (Ref. 6737). Probably spawns in the spring (Ref. 6885). Occasionally taken as a by-catch of tuna fisheries. Considered a good food fish (Ref. 5242); marketed fresh and frozen; prepared as sashimi (Ref. 9987). Swims by flapping the pectoral fins (Ref. 36731).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Palmer, G., 1986. Lamprididae. p. 725-726. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6737)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tm>4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.