Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Cephalaspidomorphi (lampreys) > Petromyzontiformes
(Lampreys) > Petromyzontidae
(Northern lampreys) > Lampetrinae
Etymology: Lampetra: Latin, lambere = lick + Greek,petra = stone, with allusion to the lamprey attaching itself to stones (Ref. 45335); planeri: Named after J.J. Planer, German naturalist of 18th Century.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical; 1°C - 15°C (Ref. 12315); 68°N - 36°N, 10°W - 50°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.5, range 5 - 16 cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2163); common length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2163); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 12315)
soft rays: 0. Poorly developed fins, dorsal fins in contact in mature adults, blue-green back, yellow flanks, white ventral portion.
Sigmund Freud (Ref. 72450, 72451 ) described the development of the central nervous system of brook lamprey.
Europe: Great Britain north to Scottish highlands, rivers draining to North Sea north to Scotland and about Stavanger (Norway), Baltic Sea basin, Atlantic as far south as Adour drainage (France, Spain) and isolated populations in Sado, Tagus and Douro drainages (Portugal), Mediterranean basin in France and western Italy (south to about Cilento drainage). Locally in Ireland, upper Volga, upper Danube and some of their tributaries and Pescara drainage on Adriatic coast of Italy. Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).
Found in the lowland, piedmont and montane zone in clear, well oxygenated brooks (Ref. 59043). Lives exclusively in freshwater; in middle and upper reaches of small streams and rivers, occasionally in lakes. Larvae lie buried in the substrate while adults live in the open water. Larvae of this species can serve as mid-term bio-indicators (Ref. 57699). They live in detritus-rich sands or clay sediments (Ref. 59043). Filter feeding larvae, non-feeding adults (= non-parasitic). Reproduction takes place upstream, from April to May. Because of its small size and the mediocre quality of its meat, it is rarely fished. The larvae are utilized as bait (Ref. 30578).
Hardisty, M.W., 1986. Lampetra planeri (Bloch 1784). p. 279-304. In J. Holcík (ed.) The Freshwater fishes of Europe. Vol. 1, Part 1. Petromyzontiformes.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: public aquariums; bait: usually
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00158 (0.00078 - 0.00321), b=2.93 (2.74 - 3.12), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.16; tm=6-7; tmax=7; Fec=800 (semelparous)).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .