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Labrus mixtus  Linnaeus, 1758

Cuckoo wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
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Labrus mixtus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Labrus mixtus (Cuckoo wrasse)
Labrus mixtus
Picture by Moreau, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Labrus: Greek, labros = furious (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 2 - 200 m (Ref. 5292), usually 40 - 80 m (Ref. 4742).   Subtropical; 71°N - 12°N, 32°W - 36°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 16.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); 30.0 cm TL (female); common length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4742); max. reported age: 20 years (Ref. 35388)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway south to Senegal, Azores and Madeira. Also in the Mediterranean.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found in the algal zone of rocky shores (Ref. 35388). Usually solitary or in pairs with young. Females lay about 1,000 eggs in a nest of algae; the nest is guarded by the male (Ref. 35388). Feed mainly on crustaceans but also fishes and mollusks (Ref. 4742) and worms (Ref. 35388). Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205). Sex reversal is completed in 7 months (Ref. 34185, 34259).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00509 - 0.01490), b=3.09 (2.94 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.13; tmax=17; tm=2; Fec=1,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
very high
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.