Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335). More on author: Steindachner.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical; 18°S - 27°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2801); max. published weight: 3.0 kg (Ref. 7248)
Africa: Limpopo River, Incomati and Usuto-Pongolo basins (Ref. 1440). Also present in the Lufira River (upper Congo River basin) in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 96560).
Occurs in the warmer reaches of rivers, particularly in sandy stretches (Ref. 1440). Feeds on detritus, algae, and small invertebrates. An active fish, leaps at barriers when migrating upstream in swollen rivers to breed in summer. Sexually mature at 15 cm TL (Ref. 7248).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reid, G.M., 1985. A revision of African species of Labeo (Pisces: Cyprinidae) and a re-definition of the genus. Verlag von J. Cramer, Braunschweig. 322 p. (Ref. 1440)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00240 - 0.01657), b=3.19 (2.96 - 3.42), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.18 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .