Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Kyphosidae
(Sea chubs) > Kyphosinae
Etymology: Kyphosus: Greek, kyphos = bent (Ref. 45335).
Considered as a senior synonym of Kyphosus pacificus (Ref. 58302), but further study of the genus is needed (Ref. 86689).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 89467)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11. This species is characterized by the following: maxilla reaching to below anterior edge of eye when mouth is fully closed; soft part of dorsal fin not as fish as spinous part (base of which is longer than softer portion); longest anal soft ray (the second) longer than longest dorsal spine; pelvic fins short, not to anus, 5.0-5.9 in SL; body color silver gray, edges of scales brown, resulting in a longitudinal linear pattern on body; a silvery stripe from front of snout to below eye, bordered below by a gray streak extending posteriorly from end of maxilla; opercular membrane dark brown to black; fins dark gray, an occasional yellow form may be seen, rarely individuals that appear to be a cross of yellow and normal-colored fish (Ref. 86689).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri
Pacific: Antitropical in central and western Pacific.
A common species, observed in schools on seaward reefs or rocky substrata. Stomach contents include benthic algae (Sargassum, Ulva, Zonaria, Gelidium, Amansia, Polysiphonia, Herposiphonia, Gelidiella, Griffithsia, and Hypnea. It is also known to eat the tough alga Turbinaria (Ref. 86689).
Randall, J.E., 2007. Reef and shore fishes of the Hawaiian Islands. Sea Grant College Program, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu. Reef and shore fishes of the Hawaiian Islands. : i-xivb + 1-546.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 0.0 ±0.0 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100) .