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Kyphosus sandwicensis  (Sauvage, 1880)

Pacific chub
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Kyphosus sandwicensis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Kyphosidae (Sea chubs) > Kyphosinae
Etymology: Kyphosus: Greek, kyphos = bent (Ref. 45335).

Issue
Considered as a senior synonym of Kyphosus pacificus (Ref. 58302), but further study of the genus is needed (Ref. 86689).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 89467)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. This species is characterized by the following: maxilla reaching to below anterior edge of eye when mouth is fully closed; soft part of dorsal fin not as fish as spinous part (base of which is longer than softer portion); longest anal soft ray (the second) longer than longest dorsal spine; pelvic fins short, not to anus, 5.0-5.9 in SL; body color silver gray, edges of scales brown, resulting in a longitudinal linear pattern on body; a silvery stripe from front of snout to below eye, bordered below by a gray streak extending posteriorly from end of maxilla; opercular membrane dark brown to black; fins dark gray, an occasional yellow form may be seen, rarely individuals that appear to be a cross of yellow and normal-colored fish (Ref. 86689).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Pacific: Antitropical in central and western Pacific.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A common species, observed in schools on seaward reefs or rocky substrata. Stomach contents include benthic algae (Sargassum, Ulva, Zonaria, Gelidium, Amansia, Polysiphonia, Herposiphonia, Gelidiella, Griffithsia, and Hypnea. It is also known to eat the tough alga Turbinaria (Ref. 86689).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., 2007. Reef and shore fishes of the Hawaiian Islands. Sea Grant College Program, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu. Reef and shore fishes of the Hawaiian Islands. : i-xivb + 1-546.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  0.0   ±0.0 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .