Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Kyphosidae
(Sea chubs) > Kyphosinae
Etymology: Kyphosus: Greek, kyphos = bent (Ref. 45335); hawaiiensis: Named for its range of distribution, Hawaii Islands and adjacent waters.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - ? m (Ref. 58302). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55727)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: Body oval, deep and well compressed. Mouth terminal, slightly oblique ventrally and the anterior tip o upper jaw bluntly pointed. Anterior part of anal-fin soft-rayed portion well elevated; the longest anal-fin soft ray (second) longer than the longest dorsal-fin spine (sixth). Gill rakers 23-25 (mode 24). Pectoral fin long and broad, with 18-19 (mode 18) soft rays. Pelvic fin when depressed almost reaching the anus (Ref. 55727).
Central Pacific: Hawaiian and Line Island groups.
Benthopelagic in shallow water, in the surge zone near coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 58302).
Sakai, K. and T. Nakabo, 2004. Two new species of Kyphosus (Kyphosidae) and a taxonomic review of Kyphosus bigibbus Lacepède from the Indo-Pacific. Ichthyol. Res. 51:20-32. (Ref. 55727)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.2 ±0.0 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .