Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Kyphosidae
(Sea chubs) > Kyphosinae
Etymology: Kyphosus: Greek, kyphos = bent (Ref. 45335); hawaiiensis: Named for its range of distribution, Hawaii Islands and adjacent waters.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - ? m (Ref. 58302). Tropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Central Pacific: Hawaiian and probably in the Line Island groups (Ref. 86689).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55727)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11;
Vertebrae: 26. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body oval, deep and well compressed; mouth terminal, slightly oblique ventrally and the anterior tip o upper jaw bluntly pointed; incisiform teeth; scales on interorbital region; caudal fin emarginate, shallow; D XI,12; A III,11, anterior part of anal-fin soft-rayed portion well elevated; the longest anal-fin soft ray (second) longer than the longest dorsal-fin spine (sixth); gill rakers on lower limb of first arch on the external side 5-6 upper limb, 13-16 lower limb; pectoral fin long and broad, with 18-19 (mode 18) soft rays; pelvic fin when depressed almost reaching the anus (19.3-20.8%SL); total lateral line with 67-78 scale rows, pored scales 54-63; longitudinal row with 64-68 scale rows; vertebrae: precaudal 10, caudal 16; pterygiophores: dorsal 21 and anal 12 (Ref. 95491).
Benthopelagic in shallow water, in the surge zone near coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 58302).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Knudsen, S.W. and K.D. Clements, 2013. Revision of the fish family Kyphosidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Zootaxa 3751(1):001-101. (Ref. 95491)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00711 - 0.04445), b=3.01 (2.79 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .