Knipowitschia panizzae  (Verga, 1841)

Adriatic dwarf goby
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Knipowitschia panizzae
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Knipowitschia: Because of N.M.Knipowitsch, a zoologist and Russian ichthyologist from the Academy of Sciences. Expeditions in "Pomor" and "Pervosvanniy" ships to Azov and Black sea (1898-1908).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; demersal.   Subtropical; 47°N - 41°N, 7°E - 16°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: no posterior oculoscapular canal; anterior extremity of anterior oculoscapular canal in front of middle of eye; body of live breeding males with dark spots or bars; back unscaled in front of ray 4-8 of second dorsal; total scales in midlateral series 32-39 (Ref. 59043).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Italian, Slovenian and Croatian coast of Adriatic and Ionian seas; recorded southward to Basilicate (Italy), but record from Evinos estuary (Greece) needs confirmation. Introduced to Lake Trasimeno (central Italy) and few localities of Tyrrhenian slope (Ref. 59043). Reported from Albania (Ref. 12290), Montenegro (Ref. 75974) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (Ref. 95371).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A short-lived species (less than 2 years) which inhabits shallow, well vegetated habitats - streams, lakes, estuaries, lagoons, lower reaches of rivers, springs and brooks. Feeds on invertebrates. Spawns after first winter in April-August.; females may spawn every 10-15 days during the season. Males defend eggs in cavities under stones, plant material or shells; may overturn and clean suitable shells for spawning and these are then covered with substrate. Postlarvae are pelagic (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Eggs are found on undersurface of Cerastoderma valves (Ref. 4696). A multiple spawner, with 10-15 day cycle during the breeding season (Ref. 4696).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bianco, P.G., 1995. Mediterranean endemic freshwater fishes of Italy. Biol. Conserv. 72:159-170. (Ref. 12291)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
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Ecology
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Common names
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Ecotoxicology
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Fecundity
Eggs
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
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Morphometrics
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Larvae
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00462 - 0.02067), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .