Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Julidochromis: Taken from marine wrasse "julidini"; also from Greek, ioulis = a fish dealing with genera Coris or Thalassoma (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poll.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.5 - 9.0; dH range: ? - 12, usually 3 - 9 m (Ref. 54894). Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672); 3°S - 6°S, 30°E -
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5651)
Africa: Endemic to the northwestern part of Lake Tanganyika.
These fish are hardy, peaceful toward other species and highly intelligent. They are microfeeders and not carnivorous. In the wild, they often stay in deep water and never come to the surface to feed. They never swim in midwater but are typical rock-dwellers. Ventures into the open but never far from the rock cover. Breeds in crevices and caves (Ref. 6770). Monogamous pairs are most common (Ref. 54944).
The same study (Ref. 54894) claims that polyandry aside from monogamy is also demonstrated by this species because of some observations in the nesting area where a female occupies 2 territories each with a male. This idea of an expanded mating system for J. marlieri was initially suggested by Yamagishi and Kohda (1996). However, monogamous pairs are most common (Ref. 54944). Males guard the nest against attacks by cichlid and non-cichlid predators alike (Ref. 54944).
Maréchal, C. and M. Poll, 1991. Julidochromis. p. 202-205. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5651)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00508 - 0.03119), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 70).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .