Jenkinsia lamprotaenia  (Gosse, 1851)

Dwarf round herring
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Jenkinsia lamprotaenia   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Jenkinsia lamprotaenia (Dwarf round herring)
Jenkinsia lamprotaenia
Picture by Wirtz, P.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Incertae sedis

Issue
The species in the genera Spratelloides Bleeker, 1851 and Jenkinsia Jordan & Evermann, 1896 should most probably be assigned to a separated family from Clupeidae and Dussumieriidae (Lavoué, pers. comm., July 2013). See a preliminary analysis in Lavoué et al. (2013: Ref. 93878).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m.   Subtropical; 34°N - 8°N, 100°W - 60°W (Ref. 188)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 2.8, range 2 - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Vertebrae: 40 - 43. Lower gill raker counts, show some correlation with geographical area, suggesting that the species may comprise three races or subspecies. W-shaped pelvic scute; pre-maxillae toothed, 1 supra-maxilla; isthmus slender, but with slight 'shoulders' anteriorly; vertebrae 40 to 43 (usually 42 - Venezuela); silver lateral band not becoming narrower or fading near gill opening (Ref. 188). Chest is slightly keeled. Small anal fin. Faintly greenish above (Ref. 37032).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean south to Tobago. Antilles (Ref. 26938).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A schooling species usually occurring inshore. Feeds on zooplankton. Preyed upon by many larger fishes and squids (Ref. 5521). Important as live bait for scombrids (Ref. 26340). In 1937, at Kingston, Jamaica it spawns during the winter months. Travels long distance (Ref. 37032).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00333 - 0.01373), b=3.25 (3.08 - 3.42), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1; K>0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.