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Ilisha africana  (Bloch, 1795)

West African ilisha
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Ilisha africana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Ilisha africana (West African ilisha)
Ilisha africana
Picture by Klimpel, S.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Pristigasteridae (Pristigasterids)
Etymology: Ilisha: An Indian name.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 26999).   Tropical; 17°N - 7°S, 17°W - 14°E (Ref. 54448)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 13.0, range 13 - 18 cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27000); common length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 45 - 50. Belly with 25 to 27 + 7 or 8 sharp scutes. Eye large, lower jaw projecting. Dorsal fin at or before midpoint of body; pelvic fins small; anal fin long, its origin below dorsal fin base. Swim bladder with two short tubes passing back in the muscles on either of haemal spines. Other clupeids in the area are more slender, with much shorter anal fin and the lower jaw not projecting.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: northern Senegal south to Baie de Saint-Bras, Angola.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found along beaches and just offshore; also in lagoons and estuaries, penetrating into almost freshwater. Feeds on plankton, benthic invertebrates, fish, and detritus (Ref. 28587).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=-2.15000 (nan - nan), b=3.02 (2.94 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.8-1.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.