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Ilisha africana  (Bloch, 1795)

West African ilisha
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Ilisha africana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Ilisha africana (West African ilisha)
Ilisha africana
Picture by Klimpel, S.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Pristigasteridae (Pristigasterids)
Etymology: Ilisha: An Indian name.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 26999).   Tropical; 17°N - 7°S, 17°W - 14°E (Ref. 54448)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 13.0, range 13 - 18 cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27000); common length : 16.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 45 - 50. Diagnosis: Body moderately deep, compressed, belly with 25 to 27 + 7 or 8 sharp scutes (Ref. 188, 81270). Dorsal fin at or before midpoint of body; pelvic fins small; anal fin long, with more than 40 finrays, its origin below dorsal fin base (Ref. 188). Swimbladder with two short tubes passing back in the muscles on either side of haemal spines (Ref. 188). Other clupeoid fishes in the area are more slender, have a much shorter anal fin and the lower jaw is not strongly projecting (Ref. 188).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: West African coasts and estuarine areas from Senegal to Angola (Ref. 188, 81270).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in the marine environment, pelagic, along beaches and just offshore, down to about 25m; also in lagoons and estuaries, penetrating into almost freshwater (Ref. 188). It feeds on small planktonic animals, like crustaceans (Ref. 188).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00558 - 0.00898), b=3.00 (2.93 - 3.07), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.8-1.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.