Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Hypsophrys: Greek, hypsi = high + Greek, ophrys = eyebrow (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 20. Tropical; 21°C - 34°C (Ref. 36880)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377)
(total): 18 - 19;
soft rays: 6 - 7. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: teeth properly incisor, even in young; caudal edge of mesethmoid with a unique shape; caudal edge of supraoccipital crest straight, inclined rostrad, its height 27% of postethmoid skull length; width of posterior premaxillary expansion greater than 41% of length of the same bone; arms of articular equal in length; gut S-folded ventrorostrally in adults, anal and medial loops nearly touching; with an abrupt, steep head profile (Ref. 74403).
Central America: Atlantic slope of Nicaragua and western Costa Rica, in the San Juan River drainage, including Lake Nicaragua and Lake Managua.
Inhabits both lakes and rivers. Proliferates in rivers with medium to high velocities. Found between 35 and 535 m elevation (Ref. 36880). Feeds on aufwuchs which cover rocks and submersed trees and filaments of algae.
Spawns in caves. During spawning both parents completely change their color.
Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2007. A systematic revision of the genus Archocentrus (Perciformes: Cichlidae), with the description of two new genera and six new species. Zootaxa 1603:1-78. (Ref. 74403)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec=50-60).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .