Hypselobarbus curmuca  (Hamilton, 1807)

Curmuca barb
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Hypselobarbus curmuca
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
Etymology: Hypselobarbus: Greek, hypselos = high + Latin, barbus =barbel (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical, preferred ?

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4832)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following combination of characters: with maxillary barbels, but no rostral barbels; last simple dorsal ray is weak and smooth; complete lateral line with 41-43 +1 pored scales; transverse scales from dorsal-fin origin to pelvic fin origin 9-10/1/4½-5; scales between lateral line and anal-fin origin 5½-6; gill rakers are long and branched; proximal end of fifth ceratobranchial hook shaped, with 5+3+2 teeth; behind opercle is a black bar, prominent in juvenile specimens (less than ca 10.0 cm SL), and becoming progressively fainter in mature specimens; all fins pale yellow, red pigments on interradial membranes in large (more than ca 20.0 cm SL) individuals (Ref. 94728).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: India.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in rivers, usually in deep pools and shady parts in the hilly regions. Lives and breeds in hilly terrain but comes down to tidal reaches for feeding. Spawns in small streams with sandy and weedy bottoms. Feeds mainly on algae and occasionally on insect larvae.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Knight, J.D.M., A. Rai and R.K.P. D'Souza, 2013. On the identities of Barbus mussullah Sykes and Cyprinus curmuca Hamilton with notes on the status of Gobio canarensis Jerdon (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 3750(3):201-215. (Ref. 94728)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

  Endangered (EN) (A2acd)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: likely future use
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00338 - 0.01418), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.26 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tm>4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (73 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.