Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Centrolophidae
Etymology: Hyperoglyphe: Greek, hyper = over + Greek, glyphis = carved (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 40 - 1500 m (Ref. 52180), usually 260 - 490 m (Ref. 52180). Deep-water; 28°S - 55°S, 67°W - 179°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 61 - ? cm
Max length : 140 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52180); max. published weight: 63.0 kg (Ref. 54802); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 9072)
Southwest Atlantic: Argentina. Southeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: South Africa. Southwest Pacific: New Zealand and Australia (including Western Australia).
Most common over or near rocky areas at 100-300 m (Ref. 9258). Generally, blue eye remain close to the sea bed during the day and move up in the water column at night, following concentrations of food (Ref. 6390). The fish are found over rough ground and at the edges of canyons and steep drop-offs. Blue eye appear to prefer cold water as part of their general behavior (Ref. 6390). Juveniles inhabit surface waters, sometimes in association with floating debris (Ref. 6390). Feed primarily on the pelagic tunicate Pyrosoma atlantica which is found near the sea bed during the day but dispersed throughout the water column at night (Ref. 7129, 30454). They also feed on squid, mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 30455, 30454) and fish ranging from small lanternfish (Myctophidae) to large fish such as gemfish (Rexea solandri). Juveniles consume small planktonic and sedentary organisms (Ref. 30456). Marketed fresh and frozen; exported to Japan for sashimi; eaten steamed, fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988).
Haedrich, R.L., 1986. Stromateidae. p. 842-846. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01170 (0.00675 - 0.02029), b=3.11 (2.95 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.03-0.3; tm=5-7; tmax=15).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .