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Hoplias curupira  Oyakawa & Mattox, 2009

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Hoplias curupira
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Erythrinidae (Trahiras)
Etymology: Hoplias: Greek, hoplon = weapon (Ref. 45335);  curupira: Named for Curupira, a mythical creature of the Brazilian folklore that protects the forest. A Curupira is a small Amerindian child characterized by having its feet turned backwards, making it difficult to follow its tracks; noun in apposition..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Amazon River basin including rios Capim, Tocantins, Xingu, Tapajós, Trombetas, and Negro; upper Orinoco River basin near the rio Casiquiare; and coastal rivers of Guyana and Suriname.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81195)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-16; Anal soft rays: 8 - 10. This species is distinguished from other members of the Hoplias lacerdae group by having the following characters: laterosensory canal along the ventral surface of dentary always with 4 pores that become gradually subdivided into four patches of multiple pores in specimens larger than 6 cm SL; head and body with a dark brown ground coloration; scales on the lateral line 34-39; snout width 13.1-27.2% of HL; and interorbital width 16.0-35.5% of HL. Differs from Hoplias brasiliensis and Hoplias intermedius by its anterior profile of head rounded in lateral view vs. angular (Ref. 81195).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits large rivers and igarapés. Occurs usually in pairs. Exhibits diurnal as well as nocturnal habits and preys on various insects, larvae, small fishes, shrimps, worms and fruits (Ref. 81195).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Oyakawa, Osvaldo T. | Collaborators

Oyakawa, O.T. and G.M.T. Mattox, 2009. Revision of the Neotropical trahiras of the Hoplias lacerdae species-group (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Erythrinidae) with descriptions of two new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 7(2):117-140. (Ref. 81195)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00272 - 0.01333), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .