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Hoplarchus psittacus  (Heckel, 1840)

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Hoplarchus psittacus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Hoplarchus: Greek, hoplon = weapon + Greek, archos = anus (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.5 - 6.0; dH range: 5 - 10.   Tropical; 27°C - 30°C (Ref. 40602)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 730.00 g (Ref. 40637)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Amazon River basin, in the Negro, Preto da Eva, Urubu and Jamari rivers in Brazil; also in tributaries of the upper Orinoco River basin.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rivers (Ref. 12251). Also found in swamps and lakes; feeds on aquatic insects and crustaceans during high water, also on fishes during low water seasons (Ref. 40602). Maximum length 35 cm TL (Ref. 2060).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Axelrod, H.R., 1993. The most complete colored lexicon of cichlids. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 864 p. (Ref. 12251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Ciguatera
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.