Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes
(Needle fishes) > Exocoetidae
Etymology: Hirundichthys: latin, hirundo = swift; 1300 + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 20 m. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Worldwide in tropical waters. Eastern Atlantic: probably throughout the tropical region, apparently uncommon in the Gulf of Guinea and absent in Benguela current (Ref. 4498). Western Atlantic: northern South America (Ref. 5217); uncommon in the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 3720). Indian Ocean: South Africa (Ref. 2797), Mauritius, Rodriguez and Maldives (Ref. 33390) and the Chagos Archipelago (Ref. 27307). Western Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755); probably absent in the inland seas of southeast Asia (Ref. 9839). Central Pacific: Hawaii (Ref. 583). Eastern Pacific: El Salvador to Ecuador (Ref. 9300). Mediterranean (Ref. 50345).
Found in oceanic surface waters (Ref. 9839). Spawns throughout the year in warm waters (Ref. 6523).
Parin, N.V., 1996. On the species composition of flying fishes (Exocoetidae) in the West-Central part of tropical Pacific. J. Ichthyol. 36(5):357-364. (Ref. 27313)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.08 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .