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Himantura fai  Jordan & Seale, 1906

Pink whipray
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Himantura fai   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Himantura fai (Pink whipray)
Himantura fai
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays)
Etymology: Himantura: Greek, iman, imantos = thong, strap + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Jordan, Seale.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated.   Tropical; 9°N - 26°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 115.4, range 120 - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 18.5 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Uniformly tan to brownish pink dorsally. Inhabits lagoon and seaward sand flats from the intertidal to at least 200 m. Occurs in large aggregations (Ref. 37816).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: possibly widespread from South Africa to Micronesia. Possible synonym of Himantura gerrardi. Frequently confused with Himantura jenkinsii (Ref. 9840).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in aggregations over soft bottoms of the inner continental shelf, often near coral reefs (Ref. 9840). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Size at birth at about 55 cm WD (Ref. 6871). Common catch of the demersal tangle net, bottom trawl and, to a lesser extend, longline fisheries. Utilized for its meat, skin (high value) and cartilage (Ref.58048). By-catch of prawn trawlers (Ref. 6871).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Mould, B., 1994. A world list of rays. The scientific nomenclature and distribution of the recent Batoidea (Batoidea, Elasmobranchii, Chondrichthyes). University of Nottingham, [UK]. 82 p. (Ref. 8630)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fecundity<100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.