Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Heteropneustidae
Etymology: Heteropneustes: Greek, heteros = other + Greek, pneo = to breath (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: ? - 30. Tropical; 21°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060); 33°N - 5°N, 64°E - 97°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6028)
Asia: Pakistan and Sri Lanka to Myanmar.
Adults found mainly in ponds, ditches, swamps and marshes, but sometimes occur in muddy rivers. Can tolerate slightly brackish water. Omnivorous. Breed in confined waters during the monsoon months, but can breed in ponds, derelict ponds and ditches when sufficient rain-water accumulates. Oviparous, distinct pairing possibly like other members of the same family (Ref. 205). In great demand due to its medicinal value.
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. (Ref. 4833)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 4716)
Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: commercial
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00153 - 0.01036), b=3.12 (2.90 - 3.34), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.23; tm=1; Fec=4,200).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .