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Hemiculter leucisculus  (Basilewsky, 1855)

Sharpbelly
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Hemiculter leucisculus
Picture by Kim, I.-S.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Cultrinae
Etymology: Hemiculter: Greek, hemis = the half + Latin, culter = knife (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: 15 - ?; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 6898).   Tropical; 18°C - 22°C (Ref. 2059)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 9 - 13 cm
Max length : 23.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33303); common length : 16.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11 - 13. Completed lateral line, went downward suddenly at the pectoral fin, forming an angle, going upward along the anal fin, till the middle of the caudal fin. Green gray in the back, white in the stomach (Ref. 33303).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: China, North and South Korea, Hong Kong, Japan and Amur River basin (Ref. 1441) to Red River drainages; Mongolia (Ref. 57778). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. Introduced in Iran (Ref. 39702).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The species is common in large streams and reservoirs in Hong Kong but not favored as a table fish because the flesh is unpalatable and very bony; abundant in China where it is canned. The main bulk of the diet includes zooplankton, insects, crustaceans, algae and detritus.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Berg, L.S., 1964. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 2, 4th edition. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem. (Russian version published 1949). (Ref. 1441)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00399 - 0.01314), b=3.01 (2.85 - 3.17), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.