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Haplochromis nubilus  (Boulenger, 1906)

Blue Victoria mouthbrooder
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Image of Haplochromis nubilus (Blue Victoria mouthbrooder)
Haplochromis nubilus
Picture by Schraml, E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Haplochromis: Greek, Haploos = single + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 10.0 - 15.0; dH range: 8 - ?.   Tropical; 21°C - 30°C (Ref. 2059); 1°N - 3°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52072)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 15; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Longitudinal scale count 30-31; snout length 33.4-34.6% HL; maxilla reaching below pupil; mouth slightly prognathous; longest soft rays of dorsal and anal fins reaching well beyond base of caudal; scaleless opercular spot small; scaleless caudal rim on the suboperculum; scales on interoperculum in a single row; postorbital scale column mixed; gill rakers on upper part of ceratobranchial anvil-shaped, trifid on epibranchial; one inner tooth row in the lower jaw extending nearly as far posteriorly as outer row; caudal peduncle length 14.4-15.8% SL; and outer-row teeth in lower jaw 36-44 (Ref. 52072).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lakes Victoria, Kyoga, Nabugabo, Edward, George, Kachira, Navakali, Kijanebalola and many rivers and streams connected with these lakes.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits shallow inshore areas close to vegetation (Ref. 4983). Lake Victoria populations are largely omnivorous, larval insects and small crustaceans predominate in the diet (Ref. 558).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

van Oijen, M.J.P., J. Snoeks, P.H. Skelton, C. Maréchal and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Haplochromis. p. 100-184. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4983)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00863 - 0.03498), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.