Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Haplochromis: Greek, Haploos = single + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 10.0 - 15.0; dH range: 8 - ?. Tropical; 21°C - 30°C (Ref. 2059); 1°N - 3°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52072)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Longitudinal scale count 30-31; snout length 33.4-34.6% HL; maxilla reaching below pupil; mouth slightly prognathous; longest soft rays of dorsal and anal fins reaching well beyond base of caudal; scaleless opercular spot small; scaleless caudal rim on the suboperculum; scales on interoperculum in a single row; postorbital scale column mixed; gill rakers on upper part of ceratobranchial anvil-shaped, trifid on epibranchial; one inner tooth row in the lower jaw extending nearly as far posteriorly as outer row; caudal peduncle length 14.4-15.8% SL; and outer-row teeth in lower jaw 36-44 (Ref. 52072).
Africa: Lakes Victoria, Kyoga, Nabugabo, Edward, George, Kachira, Navakali, Kijanebalola and many rivers and streams connected with these lakes.
Inhabits shallow inshore areas close to vegetation (Ref. 4983). Lake Victoria populations are largely omnivorous, larval insects and small crustaceans predominate in the diet (Ref. 558).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooding by females.
van Oijen, M.J.P., J. Snoeks, P.H. Skelton, C. Maréchal and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Haplochromis. p. 100-184. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4983)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00709 - 0.03231), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .