Halichoeres socialis  Randall & Lobel, 2003

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Halichoeres socialis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335);  socialis: From the Latin socialis meaning social, in reference to the behavioral trait of this species of forming a true school, as distinct from a loose aggregation, when stressed (Ref. 46844).   More on author: Randall.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 7 m (Ref. 46844).   Tropical

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80499)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11 - 12; Vertebrae: 25. Head and back gray-green with a narrow midlateral black-brown stripe from front of snout to caudal fin base, ending in a prominent black spot; second narrow brown stripe on lower side, the pale gray zone on the lower side between the two black-brown stripes bisected by a narrow white stripe; a narrow brown stripe on body at each side of base of dorsal fin, continuing middorsally on nape as a double stripe; occiput dark brown; the black caudal base spot rimmed with blue and white except posteriorly (Ref. 46844).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: known only from Belize. Expected to be found elsewhere along the continental shores of the Caribbean Sea.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits shallow coral reefs over coral, sand, rubble or seagrass substrata (Ref. 46844). Forms tight coherent schools when chased (Ref. 80499). Feeds on zooplankton and forms evasive, compact schools when threatened (Ref. 46844).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and P.S. Lobel, 2003. Halichoeres socialis: a new labrid fish from Belize. Copeia 2003(1):124-130. (Ref. 46844)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00462 - 0.02067), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.