Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Halicampus: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, kampe = bend (Ref. 45335). More on author: Kaup.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 48635). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5316)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden, off Sri Lanka, and from the Gulf of Thailand and Australia to Kyûshû Islands, Japan.
Adults live in muddy habitats, often covered with silt and extremely well-camouflaged (Ref. 48635). Planktonic specimens taken in the upper 0 to 100 m over depths to at least 2980 m while the demersal fish have been taken in SCUBA and trawl collections from 9 to 91.4 m. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). Males exhibit parental care by incubating and guarding the eggs in their brood pouch (Ref. 43081).
Dawson, C.E., 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00056 (-0.18532 - 0.18645), b=3.11031 (3.01247 - 3.20814), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.44 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .