Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae
Etymology: Halaelurus: Greek, als = salt, charm, elegance + Greek, ailouros = cat (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 290 m (Ref. 5510). Subtropical; 19°S - 31°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); 52.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 0. A catshark with an upturned knob on the snout, a narrow head, and numerous small dark spots on the body (Ref. 5578). Pale brown with numerous pairs of narrow, vertical, dark brown stripes outlining obscure dusky saddles (Ref. 5578), cream below (Ref. 5510).
Western Indian Ocean: Beira, Mozambique to East London, South Africa.
Found on the continental shelf and uppermost slope, on soft bottoms, from close inshore to 290 m (Ref. 5578). Feeds on small crustaceans, bony fish, and cephalopods (Ref. 5578). Although commonly caught by shore anglers, it is not generally considered a game fish (Ref. 12484).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Probably lays eggs, with up to 16 egg-cases per female; eggs retained until embryos reach advanced stage of development (Ref. 5578).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00251 (0.00131 - 0.00483), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .