Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Gymnotidae
Etymology: Gymnotus: Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335); esmeraldas: Named after the Río Esmeraldas (Ref. 49716).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Río Esmeraldas and the Río Palenqué, Guayaquil basin.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 49716)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 226 - 260. Absence of alternating dark and light pigment bands on the anterior 80% of the body. Specimens from the Río Esmeraldas basin with a unique speckled color patter composed of irregular pale yellow or cream-colored patches interspersed on a dark brown ground color over most body and anal fin surfaces, in which the pale pigment patches are abut 2-3 scales in width and height (Ref. 49716).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Albert, J.S. and W.G.R. Crampton, 2003. Seven new species of the neotropical electric fish Gymnotus (Teleostei, Gymnotiformes) with a redescription of G. carapo (Linnaeus). Zootaxa 287:1-54. (Ref. 49716)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00180 - 0.01930), b=2.97 (2.71 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .