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Gymnapistes marmoratus  (Cuvier, 1829)

South Australian cobbler
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Gymnapistes marmoratus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnapistes marmoratus (South Australian cobbler)
Gymnapistes marmoratus
Picture by Maddern, M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Tetrarogidae (Wasp fishes)
Etymology: Gymnapistes: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, apisto = suspicious (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 2 - 26 m (Ref. 33616).   Subtropical; 10°S - 45°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2156); max. reported age: 14 years (Ref. 2156)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 4 - 6; Vertebrae: 28. Lack scales (Ref. 33616).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Western Australia to Victoria, New South Wales, including Tasmania.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occur in inshore waters (Ref. 9563). Most active at night, lying motionless during the day. Spawn during August-September and seem to be triggered by an increase in water temperature at the onset of spring. Smaller individuals feed mainly on shrimps and crabs, while bigger ones are piscivorous (Ref. 2156). Adults possess venomous infraorbital, preopercular and dorsal-fin spines (Ref. 33616).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Neira, F.J., A.G. Miskiewicz and T. Trnski, 1998. Larvae of temperate Australian fishes: laboratory guide for larval fish identification. University of Western Australia Press. 474 p. (Ref. 33616)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 2156)




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.12; tm=2-4; tmax=14).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.